What We Are Reading
Recent articles on women’s empowerment
From around the web...
Cordisco Tsai, L. (2022). A Survivor-defined Framework for Economic Empowerment: Findings from A Photovoice Study with Survivors of Human Trafficking and Gender-based Violence. Journal of Human Trafficking, 1-23.
Biswas, B., & Banu, N. (2022). Economic empowerment of rural and urban women in India: A comparative analysis. Spatial Information Research, 1-17.
Chatterjee, B., Caffarelli, L., & Ranawana, A. (2022). Grandmother, breadwinner, caregiver, widow, entrepreneur: COVID-19, older women, and challenges for the implementation of the women’s economic empowerment agenda. Gender & Development, 30(1-2), 247-264.
Williams, E., Padmadas, S., & Vaisanen, H. (2022). Women's economic empowerment in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from cross-national population data. Demographic Research, 47, 415-452.
- Njuki, J., Melesse, M., Sinha, C., Seward, R., Renaud, M., Sutton, S., ... & Charron, D. (2022). Meeting the challenge of gender inequality through gender transformative research: lessons from research in Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Canadian Journal of Development Studies/Revue canadienne d'études du développement, 1-23.
Vu, K., & Glewwe, P. (2022). Maternity benefits mandate and women’s choice of work in Vietnam. World Development, 158, 105964.
Ashagidigbi, W. M., Orilua, O. O., Olagunju, K. A., & Omotayo, A. O. (2022). Gender, empowerment and food security status of households in Nigeria. Agriculture, 12(7), 956.
Rashid, H. (2022). Dynamics of Women Empowerment: A Qualitative Investigation of Gender-based Discriminatory Practices in Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Languages and Humanities Review, 6(2), 1014-1013.
Ng, P. Y., Wood, B. P., & Bastian, B. L. (2022). Reformulating the empowerment process through women entrepreneurship in a collective context. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 28(9), 154-176.
Kumar, J., Xi, C., Imran, M., & Kumari, J. (2022). Cross border project in China-Pakistan economic corridor and its influence on women empowerment perspectives. PloS one, 17(6), e0269025.
- DeJaeghere, J., Wiger, N. P., Le, H., Luong, P., Ngo, N. T. H., Vu, T. T., & Lee, J. (2022). Why do aspirations matter for empowerment?: Discrepancies between the A-WEAI domains and aspirations of ethnic minority women in Vietnam. World Development, 159, 106057.
- Hornset, N., & de Soysa, I. (2022). Does Empowering Women in Politics Boost Human Development? An Empirical Analysis, 1960–2018. Journal of Human Development and Capabilities, 23(2), 291-318.
- Pike, K., & English, B. (2022). And roses too: How “Better Work” facilitates gender empowerment in global supply chains. Gender, Work & Organization, 29(1), 188-204.
- Ofosu-Koranteng, M., Mwatha, R., & Okemwa, P. (2022). Addressing the Practical Gender Needs of Refugee Women for their Economic Empowerment: Perspectives from the Ampain and Egyeikrom Camps in Ghana. International Journal of Business Management, Entrepreneurship and Innovation, 4(1), 66-82.
- Njuki, J., Eissler, S., Malapit, H., Meinzen-Dick, R., Bryan, E., & Quisumbing, A. (2022). A review of evidence on gender equality, women’s empowerment, and food systems. Global Food Security, 33, 100622.
- DiClemente-Bosco, K., Weber, A. Z., Harrison, A., Tsawe, N., Rini, Z., Brittain, K., ... & Pellowski, J. A. (2022). Empowerment in pregnancy: ART adherence among women living with HIV in Cape Town, South Africa. Social Science & Medicine, 296, 114738.
- del Pilar López-Uribe, M., Chávez, M. A., Ahumada, M. P. N., & Pastrana, P. (2022). The politics of the global gender agenda: a pathway to empowerment. In Handbook on the Politics of International Development (pp. 257-285). Edward Elgar Publishing.
- Rodriguez, Z. (2022). The power of employment: Effects of India’s employment guarantee on women empowerment. World Development, 152, 105803.
- Christopherson, K., Yiadom, A., Johnson, J., Fernando, F., Yazid, H., & Thiemann, C. (2022). Tackling Legal Impediments to Women's Economic Empowerment. IMF Working Paper No. 2022/037
- Buvinic, M., Knowles, J. C., & Witoelar, F. (2022). The unfolding of women’s economic empowerment outcomes: Time path of impacts in an Indonesia trial. World Development, 158, 105974.
- Ofosu-Koranteng, M., Okemwa, P., & Mwatha, R. (2022). Economic Empowerment of Refugee Women in Ghana and its Influence on Household Decision Making. International Journal of Current Aspects, 6(1), 73-83.
- Ebrahimi, R., Choobchian, S., Farhadian, H., Goli, I., Farmandeh, E., & Azadi, H. (2022). Investigating the effect of vocational education and training on rural women’s empowerment. Humanities and Social Sciences Communications, 9(1), 1-11.
- Nwakanma, Pamela Adaugo. 2022. Women, Power, and Networks: The Gendered Politics of Economic Empowerment. Doctoral dissertation, Harvard University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences.
- Jang, H., & Kwon, S. H. (2022). Understanding women’s empowerment in post-Covid Korea: A historical analysis. The Economic and Labour Relations Review, 10353046221078880
- World Bank. (2022). Closing Gaps, Increasing Opportunities: A Diagnostic on Women’s Economic Empowerment in Nigeria.
- Wirawan, G. B. S., Gustina, N. L. Z., Pramana, P. H. I., Astiti, M. Y. D., Jonathan, J., Melinda, F., & Wijaya, T. (2022). Women’s Empowerment Facilitates Complete Immunization in Indonesian Children: A Cross-sectional Study. Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, 55(2), 193.
- AlAmmary, J. (2022). The impact of social media on women’s empowerment in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Gender, Technology and Development, 1-25.
- Drioui, C., & Bakass, F. (2022). Fertility Preferences and Outcomes in Morocco: Does Women's Empowerment Matter in Actual-ideal Gap?. Population Review, 61(1), 1-30.
- Sahari, N.H; Alias, B; Aris, S.M; Samori, Z; Harun, N.H. (2022). Women's Economic Empowerment: Paving the Way for Household Income Enhancement, J. Bus. Econ. Review, 6(4), 21–29. https://doi.org/10.35609/jber.
- Wilman, Alys; Atamanov, Aziz; Myers, Cara Ann. 2022. Gendered Impacts of the COVID-19 Crisis in Uganda and Opportunities for an Inclusive and Sustainable Recovery. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
- Kumari, G., & Eguruze, E. S. (2022). Positive Deviance Traits and Social Entrepreneurship for Women Empowerment Amid COVID-19. IIM Kozhikode Society & Management Review, 22779752211030697.
- Flor, L. S., Friedman, J., Spencer, C. N., Cagney, J., Arrieta, A., Herbert, M. E., ... & Gakidou, E. (2022). Quantifying the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on gender equality on health, social, and economic indicators: a comprehensive review of data from March, 2020, to September, 2021. The Lancet.
- Asim, M., Hameed, W., & Saleem, S. (2022). Do empowered women receive better quality antenatal care in Pakistan? An analysis of demographic and health survey data. Plos one, 17(1), e0262323.
- Ghosh, S. (2022). Political empowerment of women and financial inclusion: Is there a link?. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 5(1), 100267.
- Sedai, A. K., Nepal, R., & Jamasb, T. (2022). Electrification and Socio-Economic Empowerment of Women in India. The Energy Journal, 43(2).
- DiClemente-Bosco, K., Weber, A. Z., Harrison, A., Tsawe, N., Rini, Z., Brittain, K., ... & Pellowski, J. A. (2022). Empowerment in pregnancy: ART adherence among women living with HIV in Cape Town, South Africa. Social Science & Medicine, 114738.
Chowdhory, N., Sabur Ali, M., Kaur, R., Kajla, M., Kumari, N., Tiwari, B., & Ishaq, S. (2022). Gendering Migration: Evaluating Empowerment of Single Migrant Women. Social Change, 52(1), 24-39.
Hirmer, S. A., Mazzone, A., Leonard, A., & Conforti, C. (2022). The power of language: Exploring values, empowerment dynamics and communication strategies for gender-inclusive energy service design in rural Uganda. Energy Research & Social Science, 85, 102379.
Huq, A., Delaney, A., & Debney, B. (2022). Challenging the entrepreneurial discourse around women home-based workers’ empowerment. The Economic and Labour Relations Review, 10353046211072539
- Buehren, Niklas, Markus Goldstein, Kenneth Leonard, Joao Montalvao, and Kathryn Vasilaky. (2022). “Spillover Effects of Girls’ Empowerment on Brothers’ Competitiveness: Evidence from a Lab-in-the-Field Experiment in Uganda.” Economic Development and Cultural Change, volume 70, number 2, January 2022.
- Daher, M., Rosati, A., & Jaramillo, A. (2022). “Saving as a Path for Female Empowerment and Entrepreneurship in Rural Peru.” Progress in Development Studies, 22(1), 32–55.
- Annan, Jeannie, Aletheia Donald, Markus Goldstein, Paula Gonzalez Martinez, Gayatri Koolwal. “Taking power: Women’s empowerment and household Well-being in Sub-Saharan Africa,” World Development. 2021.
- Porth, Julia M., Abram L. Wagner, Cheryl A. Moyer, Martin K. Mutua, Matthew L. Boulton, “Women's Empowerment and Child Vaccination in Kenya: The Modifying Role of Wealth,” American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Volume 60, Issue 1, Supplement 1, 2021, Pages S87-S97,ISSN 749-3797.
- Mekonnen, A.G., Odo, D.B., Nigatu, D., Sev, A., and Abagero, K. “Women’s empowerment and child growth faltering in Ethiopia: evidence from the Demographic and Health Survey.” BMC Women's Health 21, 42 (2021).
- Omukuiti, Jessica, Matt Barlow, Maria Eugenia Giraudo, Tallulah Lines, and Jean Grugel. ”Systems thinking in Covid-19 recovery is urgently needed to deliver sustainable development for women and girls.” The Lancet Planetary Health, 5, 12 December 2021, e921-e928.
- The UNU Gender Atlas describes the United Nations University's scholarship, research activities, and achievements over the past five years that materially contribute to progress toward gender equality within the framework of the Sustainable Development Goals. The report provides:
An overview and analysis of the thematic and geographic scope of gender equality research across the 2030 agenda
An analysis of the rigor with which gender integration in research is approached across three gradients: gender transformative, gender-responsive, or gender-sensitive
Based on these analyses, a new measure that UNU could take to strengthen its commitment to global gender research
- Arnold, J., Grabowski, A., Anderson, E., Dodor, S. & Thompson, L. (2020). Enabling Women’s Economic Empowerment: A 2020 Update. Washington, DC: International Center for Research on Women.
- Jayachandran, S. Social Norms as a Barrier to Women’s Employment in Developing Countries. IMF Econ Rev 69, 576–595 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1057/s41308-021-00140-w
- Berdeija, I. and G. Rabchinsky. (2021). "The Way Forward: Four Lessons for Women’s Economic Empowerment" IDB Blog. Accessed on 11/16/21.
- Quisumbing, A.R., Sproule, K., Martinez, E.M., & Malapit, H. (2021). "Do tradeoffs among dimensions of women’s empowerment and nutrition outcomes exist? Evidence from six countries in Africa and Asia." Food Policy, Volume 100, 102001, ISSN 0306-9192, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2020.102001
- Mehta, Anupma. 2021. "Gender Parity is a Mirage as Challenges Still Remain." The Pioneer. Link.
- UN Women. Infographic on Women's Rights and the Law. 2021. Link.
- Sirker, Karen. 2021. "Strengthening Disaster Recovery in the Carribean Using a Gender Lens" World Bank Blogs. Link.
- “WHO pledges extensive commitments towards women’s empowerment and health” Press Release on July 5, 2021. Geneva, Switzerland. Link.
- Deshpande, Ashwini. 2021. “Intersecting Identities, Livelihoods and Affirmative Action: How Social Identity Affects Economic Opportunity for Women in India.” IWWAGE Publication. Link.
- Peck, Emily, 2021. “ Policymakers Used to Ignore Child Care. Then Came the Pandemic.” Link.
- Heidari, Shirin and Tracey Goodman, 2021. Critical Sex and Gender Considerations for Equitable Research, Development and Delivery of COVID-19 Vaccines. Technical Paper. World Health Organization. Link.
- Milan Vaishnav, 2021. “Women and work: How much does measurement matter?” Ideas for India. Link.
World Bank Gender Data Portal Tipsheets:
- economic opportunities: This tip sheet outlines how one can access country-level statistics related to economic opportunities which are available on the World Bank Gender Data Portal.
- financial inclusion: This tip sheet outlines how one can access country-level statistics related to women's financial inclusion available on the World Bank Gender Data Portal.
- GBV tipsheet: This tip sheet outlines how one can access country-level gender based violence (GBV) statistics available on the World Bank Gender Data Portal.
Academic Papers and Reports
- Buvinic, Mayra, Megan O'Donnell, James C. Knowles, and Shelby Bourgault. (2020). Measuring Women's Economic Empowerment: A Compendium of Selected Tools. Published by Data2x and the Center for Global Development.
- Chang, W., Díaz-Martin, L., Gopalan, A., Guarnieri, E., Jayachandran, S., & Walsh, C. (2020). What Works to Enhance Women’s Agency: Cross-Cutting Lessons From Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Studies. J-PAL Working Paper.
- Samanta, T. (2020). Women’s empowerment as self-compassion?: Empirical observations from India. Plos one, 15(5).
- Center on Gender Equity and Health. A Roadmap for Measuring Agency and Social Norms in Women’s Economic Empowerment: Center on Gender Equity and Health.
- Akter, S., & Chindarkar, N. (2019). An Empirical Examination of Sustainability of Women's Empowerment Using Panel Data from India.
- Golla, A. M., Malhotra, A., Nanda, P., & Mehra, R. (2018). Understanding and measuring women’s economic empowerment. Definition, framework and indicators: ICRW.
- Richardson, R. A. (2018). Measuring women’s empowerment: A critical review of current practices and recommendations for researchers. Social indicators research, 137(2), 539-557.
- Horstead, K. (2018). Developing a life course approach to women’s rights and gender equality: Gender and Development Network.
- Buvinic, M. (2017). Measuring Women’s Economic Empowerment: Overview: Data 2x.
- Ewerling, F., Lynch, J. W., Victora, C. G., van Eerdewijk, A., Tyszler, M., & Barros, A. J. (2017). The SWPER index for women's empowerment in Africa: development and validation of an index based on survey data. The Lancet Global Health, 5(9).
- Everyday Gendered Nationalism, the Inclusion and Exclusion of Migrants in South Korea
- Concise, Comparable Measures of Women’s Economic Empowerment: An Impossible Dream?
- An Intersectional Approach to a Pandemic?
- Gender Data, Disaggregation, and COVID-19A Gender Lens on COVID-19: Pandemics and Violence against Women and Children